Processing internally or externally?

Reading Time: 2 minutes

One of the interesting phrases I’ve heard when researching introversion is about processing internally. What does internal processing mean and how does it vary from external processing, and (of course) what’s this got to do with being introverted (or extroverted)?

No internal processing going on in this group discussion

Thinking out loud

If you’re thinking out loud it probably means that you are talking (and perhaps listening) as a means to help you think things through. That’s not good, or bad, it just is. It maybe that you get to “the answer” more quickly like this, or it may be a simple preference.


This is external processing, it’s something that you are more likely to find an extrovert doing.


Thinking quietly

If you are thinking things through quietly, perhaps wanting to understand the concept in more detail before offering an opinion you’re processing internally. It’s not good, or bad, it is your preference.


Introverts tend to think about things before talking and want a full understanding of concepts before discussing them, giving opinion or offering an explanation. This effect is weaker with close friends and stronger with strangers or work colleagues.


Talk to think, or think to talk?

My favourite way of describing the difference between internal processing and external processing is simple, do you think to talk or talk to think?


But there are times….

There are times when extroverts will want to think things through and there certainly times when I love to energetically talk things through with the conversation going in random directions as we all learn about the subject.


It’s a preference; there are some close friends where these randomly directed, learning conversations are incredibly energising. Although trying to converse with a group of people I don’t know well who are all working through their thoughts by talking (that’s often called a meeting), is very tiring.

What does this mean for running a meeting?

In any meeting you’re likely to have a mix of people that think in different ways. If you insist on everybody shouting out the answer, or run a meeting like a quick fire quiz game, the benefits of the meeting will be dramatically reduced.

A team discussion allows you to learn from a range of views and to select the best action, in light of those views. As the facilitator of that meeting your role is to ensure these benefits are achieved; doing this means encouraging internal processors to talk (perhaps before they’re fully ready) and giving them space to think (which is hard when everybody is shouting out “random” thoughts). Creating quiet time, slowing the meeting by getting people to write first, using post it notes rather than shouting out are all good facilitation techniques that will help. Another important tip is to prepare for the meeting in advance, send out any notes and an agenda; allow people to think through the issues before attending. This allows people to internally process issues before the meeting (or not, if they don’t want to) and will help your team. Go on and read “5 tips to make your meetings better and include introverts” .

What’s your preference, internal or external processing?

Please help.

I would really appreciate three minutes of your time to understand your views of extroversion, introversion and how (if?) they affect performance in business. 

What are your views? Take the 3 minute survey.

Tags: , , , , ,